Family: meaning, functions and importance as a social institution

  Family: meaning, functions and importance as a social institution: Have you ever been curious about the meaning and functions of family, as well as the significance of the family as a social institution? Simply reading the article will provide you with an understanding of the importance of family in the life of any individual.   Source: pixabay.com A family is the first social community that any individual or group of individuals experiences in their lives. It is through this process that an individual attaches and understands the values of culture, assimilates the first social roles, and gains first-hand knowledge of social behavior and interaction. This person begins their life in the family by taking their first steps, experiencing their first joys and sorrows, and then leaves the family and enters the big wide world. The individual then returns when he or she feels uncomfortable being out in public. The family is more than just a group of individuals who are engaged in their daily activities. It’s a complicated social formation, to be sure. Each member of the family is both an individual with a distinct personality and an integral part of the entire family unit. The family is a small social group with a limited number of members. Processes and phenomena that occur within an individual intragroup are typical in this setting. At the same time, the family is distinguished from the other small groups by a number of distinctive characteristics. These include marital or kinship ties among its members, a shared way of life, special moral-psychological and emotional-ethical relationships, and legal relationships, among other things. In addition, the family has other characteristics such as a lifelong commitment to the family group (the family is not chosen, a person is born in it). Furthermore, it has the most heterogeneous composition of the entire group, which is a plus (age, gender, personal, social, professional, and other differences of family members). Another characteristic is the highest possible level of informal contact within the family, as well as the increased emotional significance of family events. Any family is formed with the goal of meeting the needs of its members that are critical to their well-being. Functions of the family in society The function of the family is defined as the reflection of the interaction system between an individual and his or her family, between his or her family and society, as well as the specific activities that meet specific needs of the members of the family. The family as a social institution is inextricably linked to society, and as a result, some of the functions of the family are directly related to the needs of the society as a whole. The family is a society of interpersonal relationships in which specific laws and functions are carried out by individuals. There are four types of functions that can be distinguished in this context: Functions of society in relation to families Functions of families in relation to society Functions of a family in relation to individuals Functions of individuals in relation to families   Source: pixabay.com On this basis, the functions of the family can be divided into two categories: social (relative to society) and individual (relative to the individual) (relative to an individual). The functions of the family are intimately linked to the needs of society as embodied in the family institution and the needs of the individual as a member of the family group as a whole. Furthermore, the functions of the family are deeply rooted in history and are intimately tied to the socio-economic conditions of a society’s members. As a result, the nature of family functions and the hierarchy of those functions evolve over time. As a result, we can categorize and assign the most important functions of the modern family to the most important areas of its life activity and the most important needs. The primary responsibilities of the family Modern families are headed by husbands and wives, who eventually take on the responsibility of raising their children. The entire range of family functions, as a result, can be divided into two groups under certain conditions. The first of these responsibilities is matrimonial in nature, and the second is parental in nature. There are a variety of functions associated with marriage, including: Spiritual (cultural) communication Household management (both spouses are the primary organizers of family life as a whole) Primary social control Representative function (spouses represent a family, act on its behalf in other parts of society: organizations, institutions, families, and so on) Emotional and intimate relationships Childbirth and upbringing (primary socialization), as well as the maintenance and care of minors and disabled (incompetent) family members, are all included in the category of parental responsibilities and responsibilities. Let us go into greater detail about the essential characteristics of the most important of the aforementioned family functions, which is the primary function. What is the purpose of spiritual (cultural) communication? When it comes to meeting the needs of joint leisure activities and mutual spiritual enrichment, spiritual (cultural) communication serves a practical purpose in meeting those needs. In addition to the organization of intra-family communication, family mediation in interaction with media (television, radio, periodicals), literature and art are also important components. The influence of the family on a variety of links between members and the surrounding natural and social environment is another important component. A happy marriage is characterized by open communication between the spouses. This is where the exchange of ideas (information) and, for the most part, positive emotions takes place. A clear system of moral norms and rules that has been thoroughly assimilated is a precondition for such an exchange. The primary goal of this function is to ensure that mutual understanding is maintained as the most solid foundation in the family unit. In order to improve spiritual relationships, it is necessary to develop a more sophisticated culture of communication. When both of them are able to connect well with one another, the foundation of spiritual (culture) communication between the spouses is established. Emotional function The emotional function of the family is carried out by meeting the needs of its members for sympathy, respect, recognition, emotional support, and psychological protection, among other things. A pleasant emotional atmosphere in a family allows each of its members to express themselves without hiding their emotions, to share their joys, to discuss their failures, and to express their grievances. Furthermore, they can receive guidance on important issues, restore and replenish their physical and mental strengths, and thereby maintain a healthy level of vitality and well-being. The primary social control system has a specific function. Function of primary social control The primary function of social control is to ensure that social norms and rules are followed by members of the family. Particularly by those who, for a variety of reasons (such as age, disease, or other limitations), lack the necessary ability to develop their behavior in full compliance with social norms on their own initiative. Nobody can deny that the family establishes relationships with and maintains links with state institutions, public organizations, labor collectives, and other families or individuals, and that this is a fact that must be acknowledged (relatives, friends, neighbors). This area of its life activity is associated with the accomplishment of the representative function. It is as a result of this function that the family has interactions with the rest of society. It establishes economic, ideological, legal, cultural, emotional, and other relationships with other social communities, and it presents itself as the primary unit of society in the eyes of the outside world. Economic (household) function It is also among the most important functions of the family to perform household (economic) tasks. Its primary goal is to meet its material requirements (food, shelter, clothes, essentials, etc). All members of the family group benefit from this function because it helps them maintain their physical strength and health. In order to perform the economic family function, the following primary components are required: participation in the process of social production housekeeping, consumer activities are organized into a family budget, which is formed through budgeting. Economic function can have a positive or negative impact on family relationships in two ways. Economic and household responsibilities in the family are fairly distributed between spouses, older and younger generations, and this usually results in the strengthening of marital relations as well as the education of children for careers in the workforce.  A husband acts as a “master” in the case of unfair distribution of domestic work, which occurs when it is largely taken over by a woman, and the children only serve as consumers. Such influence continues to be unfavorable and contributes to the expansion of destructive forces within the family.   Source: pixabay.com Intimate (relationship) functions The function of intimate relations plays an important role in the system of marital relations because it allows for communication between partners. The significance of this function in the modern family has grown significantly in recent years. Marriage is regarded as an alliance based primarily on an emotional connection, and as a result, the satisfaction of the intimate needs of the marriage partners is accorded a high level of importance in the union. A growing number of researchers in the fields of marriage and family issues have observed that intimate disharmony is frequently the source of disagreement within the family and a source of tension in marital relationships. Functioning of the reproductive organs One of the most important functions of a family is the function of reproduction. There are three types of family reproductive systems: those with many children, those with medium children, and those with few children. Reproductive function The reproduction of children, as well as their education and integration into the complex world of human relations, are all necessary. In addition to the reproductive function of the family, the educational function of the family is given paramount importance. All of the individual requirements of each spouse in terms of maternity or fatherhood, contact with children, and their own personal development are met. Educational function The family, in the course of fulfilling the educational function, first and foremost ensures the primary socialization of the children in their care. Additionally, it aids in the development of his or her mental (intellectual) traits as well as personal qualities until they reach the age of maturity in social situations. One of the characteristics of family education is the emotional nature of the relationship between parents and children, as well as love. The fact that family has a systematic educational impact on each of its members throughout their lives should be kept in mind at all times. The actions of children reflect on their parents and other adult members of their family, encouraging them to strive for personal improvement. It is not only the parents who have an impact on their children. The complexities of family life are numerous. Each and every function of the family is social in nature. The social nature of family functions is determined first and foremost by the fact that the family is the fundamental unit of society in which to begin. It is influenced by society in that it creates one or more types of family groups. As a result, the family has a significant impact on the development and way of life of the society. It is through family functions that the vital needs of not only family members, but also of a society as a whole can be met. Furthermore, the roles and responsibilities of the family will always be the same. When certain functions and rights are violated in some families, it has an impact on the characteristics of the family’s life activity. For example, the function of primary social control has changed qualitatively in recent years, and the level of tolerance for the birth of illegitimate children, adultery, and other forms of immorality has increased. As you can see, the family plays an important role not only in the formation of society, but also in the formation of individuality. ________________________________________________________________________ family, functions of family, family function meaning, family as an institution, family function definition, family functions meaning, family sociology definition, function of family, what are the functions of family, what is family and its importance, what is the function of family