Nationalism in Nigeria and its factors

  Nationalism in Nigeria and its factors: Nationalism is defined as a sense of belonging to a group of people who share a common culture and geographical territory. During the colonial period, Nigerians worked hard to maintain their group’s identity, achieve statehood, and establish a government based on sovereignty. Learn more about the factors that contributed to Nigeria’s rise to nationalism. Nigeria’s population is made up of a diverse range of tribes. Christianity and Islam are the two main religions in Nigeria. On the one hand, these differences divided the country, but on the other hand, each tribe fought for its own freedom, which contributed to the country’s overall success and prosperity. Factors that contributed to the rise of nationalism in Nigeria When it comes to the history of the nationalist movement in Nigeria and most post-colonial African countries, there are many negative reports that characterize the Nigerian nationalist struggle as it was. Before the British invaded Nigeria, the country was made up of a variety of ethnic groups. Later on, these autonomous political entities came together to form a new independent state. As a result, to some extent, British rule was responsible for the establishment of Nigeria. In the beginning, there was no integrated Nigerian nationalism in existence in the country. Britain’s imperialism, which resulted in political particularism as well as broad pan-Africanism, was the catalyst for the emergence of Nigerian nationalist movements. The British government’s policy toward its African colonies was erratic. It included both the exploitation of local natural resources and the efforts to preserve indigenous cultures, as well as the introduction of advanced technology and modern concepts into the region. The factors that influenced the development of nationalism in Nigeria include the historical, political, economic, social, and geographic factors The internal and external factors that contributed to the rise of nationalism in Nigeria Social, religious, and, to a lesser extent, political and economic factors were among the internal factors that contributed to the emergence of the nationalist movement in Nigeria. But the division of these factors cannot be considered unambiguous because every aspect of the country’s life is considered to be an integral part of it. Colonialism was criticized by nationalists for failing to recognize and appreciate Africa’s indigenous cultures. They called for self-government, claiming that colonial rule is the only thing standing between African countries and progress. One of the internal factors that contributed to the rise of nationalism in Nigeria was the influence of religion. Europeans refused to allow the incorporation of local customs and practices into Christian orthodoxy, but this did not prevent Nigerians from establishing new denominations that were independent of European imperial rule. As a result of the so-called “protestant” schism, Christianity in Nigeria went through a period that was pivotal in the history of Christian churches in Nigeria. Social Nature Social factors manifested themselves in a variety of ways, most notably in the formation of various ethnic organizations, some of which took the form of tribal unions at various times. As a result of the large number of rural migrants who have relocated to urban areas, such organizations have primarily been established in cities. Other popular organizations included the Igbo Federal Union, the Egbe Omo Oduduwa (Society of Oduduwa Descendants), a Yoruba cultural movement, and the Igbo National Union. Nigerian students who had the opportunity to study abroad joined other students in pan-African groups from other colonies, such as the West African Students Union, which was founded in London in 1925. Political factors When it comes to the political factors that contributed to the rise of nationalism in Nigeria, the emergence of political parties was a watershed moment in the country’s political history. National Democratic Party, The Action Group, and other political parties fought for Nigeria’s independence from British rule, as did organizations such as the Nigerian Youth Movement, National Democratic Party, and the Action Group. Influence of the mass media The development of the press in Nigeria has also contributed to the rise of nationalist sentiments in the country. Herbert Macaulay, known as the “Father of Nigerian Nationalism,” founded the Lagos Daily News in 1925, and it has been published continuously since. The 1922 constitution provided for the election of representatives to the Legislative Council, which provided politically conscious Nigerians with a powerful tool for the country’s future development. Herbert Macaulay, who has been dubbed “the father of Nigerian nationalism,” was a pivotal figure in the political activity. Among his accomplishments are the founding of a newspaper, the Lagos Daily News, as well as the Nigerian National Democratic Party (NNDP), which dominated Lagos elections from its founding in 1922 until its disbandment in 1938. His political platform had a significant impact on the development of Nigeria’s economy and educational institutions. Local officials and politicians were able to gain access to government jobs and funds for local development as a result of the reduction of the British presence in Nigeria. They also gained access to market permits, trade licenses, government contracts, and even scholarships for higher education. Economic factors Regarding the economic factors that contributed to the rise of nationalism in Nigeria, Nigerians fought for greater participation in the country’s economic life. The discrimination Africans faced on a social level was one of the factors that fueled nationalism in Nigeria. Slave trade had a significant negative impact on the development of nations’ economies. In terms of the economy, the Africans’ only hope rested with trade unions, which had raised demands through strike action. It has also contributed to the rise of nationalist sentiments in Nigeria. Nigeria experienced one of its largest strikes in 1945, which forced the colonial authorities to concede to the demands of the striking workforce. When it comes to the economic factors that contributed to the growth of nationalism in Nigeria, it is important to note that relative political independence resulted in an increase in economic freedom. Despite the fact that imports initially lagged behind exports, surpluses began to shrink by the 1950s. The search for oil, which began in 1908 with the help of Shell and British Petroleum, was the most significant economic factor in the rise of Nigerian nationalism. The Port of Harcourt became the first port of call for Nigerian oil exports in 1958. Although oil revenues were not a significant portion of the country’s total income, they were the spark that ignited political rivalry among the various political parties. The most important thing was that the NCNC won 56 seats in the Parliament, which gave it the authority to control the country’s petroleum production. External factors When it comes to other external factors, nationalism in Nigeria has been fueled by countries such as India and Pakistan as well as Ghana and other countries that have only recently achieved independence. According to what you have read, there were numerous factors influencing the outlook of Nigerians during that period. Understanding our past is essential for making informed decisions in the present and the future. ________________________________________________________________________ nationalism in nigeria, what are the factors that led to nationalism in nigeria, factors of nationalism, what is nationalist movement, what factors led to the development of nationalism, what led to nationalism, what led to nigeria independence, what led to the rise of african nationalism